Travel Vaccinations

All travellers should visit their doctor at least 4-6 weeks before travel, if they feel vaccinations may be required. Please contact our practice to discuss your plans and vaccinations which may be needed.

The map below shows areas of the World, where travel vaccinations are recommended (highlighted). Please read the disclaimer regarding this information.

Places in the World where travel vaccinations are required.

Hepatitis A

Vaccination is recommended for all travellers to areas of poor or uncertain hygiene, including all developing countries. The risk of infection is high.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is the most contagious common blood-borne virus. Immunisation is recommended for all infants, children, adolescents and young adults, long term travellers to regions of high prevalence, and short term travellers who may be at risk. The World Health Organisation recommends the vaccine be considered for virtually all travellers to highly endemic regions.


See your doctor to discuss malaria protection. Risk exists in most tropical areas below 900m


All travellers, whether previously immunised or not, should obtain prompt wound care and immunisation after bites, scratches or licks from mammals which break the skin, or occur on wounds or involve the mouth, eyes or other moist body surfaces.

Routine Immunisation

All travellers should be up-to-date with routinely recommended immunisations. For children and adolescents, this includes diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, hepatitis B, Haemophilus influenzae type b, polio, measles/mumps/rubella, meningococcal C, varicella and pneumococcal vaccines. For older adults and those with chronic illnesses, this includes influenza and pneumococcal vaccines. All travellers should be immune to diphtheria, tetanus, measles and polio.


Vaccination is generally recommended for children aged < 5 years who will be living in developing countries for more than 3 months. There is less evidence of the benefit of vaccination in older children, although consideration should be given to children aged less than 16 years who may be living for long periods in high-risk countries with an annual incidence of disease equal to or greater than 100 per 100 000 population.

Typhoid Fever

Vaccination is recommended for all travellers to areas of poor or uncertain hygiene, including all developing countries for more than brief periods.

Yellow Fever

Immunisation has two purposes: 1) Protection of the traveller: immunisation against this frequently fatal disease is recommended for all travellers who may be at risk. 2) Protection of countries from importation of yellow fever virus: the basis for country immunisation requirements. No vaccination requirements for any international traveller. Areas of risk include parts of Africa, Central and South America.


1) World Health Organization. International Travel and Health 2005. Geneva
2) Centres for Disease Control. The Yellow Book. Health Information for International Travel. 2005/2006

  website design Kilkenny | Search Engine Optimisation